Blackfeet Nation Mourns Longtime Leader Chief Earl Old Person

Over four days in Montana, members honored Chief Earl Old Person, who led the tribe and preserved its history for more than 60 years.

In Mourning and Gratitude, the Blackfeet Nation Says Farewell to Its Leader

Over four days in Montana, members honored Chief Earl Old Person, who led the tribe and preserved its history for more than 60 years.

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Throughout his life, Chief Earl Old Person of the Blackfeet Nation could be found in the Browning High School gym, always seated in the northwest corner of the bleachers and always in his blue, long-sleeved, buttoned shirt, cheering for his alma mater. But for his final trip into the gym, he was not in the stands. Instead, his coffin was placed directly on the court as mourners came to say goodbye.

Chief Old Person, the longest-serving tribally elected official in the United States, died on Oct. 13 at 92 after a long battle with cancer.

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Chief Earl Old Person in 1998. Credit…Stuart S. White/The Great Falls Tribune, via Associated Press

On Tuesday, the chief returned to the Blackfeet Reservation in Montana — home to nearly 10,000 tribal members — from a funeral home 160 miles south, beginning a four-day mourning period that closed the small northern town of Browning for three processions: when the chief was brought to the tribal council chambers, when he was moved the following day to the high school gym and, on Friday, after the funeral, when his body was brought to his family plot.

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Members of the Blackfeet Nation erected tepees to pay tribute to Chief Old Person during a four-day period of mourning.

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On Tuesday, the procession welcoming Chief Old Person home made its way through Browning, Mont.

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Mourners lined the street during Tuesday’s procession.

As the hearse crossed the Rocky Mountains into Blackfeet Country, thousands of mourners gathered to welcome their chief home. Sixteen pallbearers guided the hearse behind the Blackfeet Honor Guard, a line of traditional singers and men on horseback.

The first procession was aired live on the radio as the emcee announced the names of family and the songs sung, many of which were chicken dance songs meant to honor his legacy on the powwow circuit. After each song, the emcee repeated a phrase the chief said many times: “You just keep getting gooder and gooder.”

A crowd, many dressed in regalia and headdresses and others in jeans and sweatshirts, watched as the pallbearers carried the coffin into the tribal council chambers where the chief served the community for decades. Eighteen tepees were erected in the park adjacent to the building, glowing blue and red at night.

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Pallbearers carrying the chief into the tribal council chambers.

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Chief Old Person’s casket lay at the chambers for a day before moving to Browning High School.

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Drummers and singers surrounded the coffin on the way to the chambers.

Born in April 1929 to Juniper and Molly (Bear Medicine) Old Person on his family land known as Grease Wood in Starr School, Mont., Earl Old Person was born into the last Blackfeet generation to speak Pikuni before English. Growing up, he served as a translator for his elders, learning the traditions and history of the Blackfeet Nation that predated colonization.

He shared that history with the generations that followed him, teaching children traditional songs, giving eulogies and performing naming ceremonies. His nephew Harold Dusty Bull, said that even at 92, the chief could recite your family history, your ancestors, their Indian names, what they did and what societies (ceremony groups within the tribe) they belonged to.

“He was the last one with that depth of knowledge,” Mr. Dusty Bull said. “Nothing is going to be the same without Earl.”

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The Blackfeet Honor Guard was part of the procession as the chief’s body returned to Blackfeet Country.

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Pallbearers escorting the coffin into Browning High School, where the chief spent numerous hours supporting the tribe’s young athletes.

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Family and friends at a small service on Wednesday at the high school gym.

In his final years, Chief Old Person would sit in a log cabin for hours in Browning, recording as many songs and stories as he could for future generations.

As a champion of causes for tribal nations, he met many world leaders, including 12 U.S. presidents, and received numerous accolades. But for the Blackfeet Nation, Chief Old Person will be remembered as the heartbeat of its community.

“He had so many accomplishments, but his culture and people meant the most to him,” said Joe McKay, a member of the tribe who was close with the chief.

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The chief’s humility stood out to Wilma Many White Horses, a first cousin.

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Joe McKay, a close friend, said that the tribe’s culture and people meant the most to the chief.

“We’ll never know how much Earl did for us because he would never talk about how much he does,” Wilma Many White Horses, the chief’s first cousin, said.

The chief, who led the tribe for more than 60 years, attended nearly every high school athletic event in the town, sometimes driving hundreds of miles to neighboring reservations and cities to support its Native American athletes. In gratitude of that support, Browning High School dedicated the gymnasium to him in 2019.

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Pallbearers dressed in Chief Old Person’s signature shirt carried him out of the gym after Friday’s funeral.

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The funeral, which featured many dignitaries telling stories about the chief, lasted more than four hours.

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“Nothing is going to be the same without Earl,” the chief’s nephew Harold Dusty Bull said.

During the funeral on Friday, that gym filled with hundreds of people paying their respects. Dignitaries including tribal leaders, Senator Jon Tester of Montana and Greg Gianforte, the state’s governor, each shared stories. The ceremony, which lasted more than four hours, concluded with his grandson Arlan Edwards using his grandfather’s drum to sing a traditional going home song.

Throughout the week of ceremonies, many spoke about how they will miss seeing the chief riding through town in his Chevy truck. Mr. Edwards and another grandson, Loren Croff, talked about what could not be seen as the chief drove. Tucked behind the passenger seat were two black sneakers belonging to his second wife, Doris. Those sneakers kept him company in every truck he drove for nearly 20 years. And on Friday, they sat next to him in his coffin for his final trip to the family plot in Grease Wood.

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